CTAR Research

Wai Lam performing CTAR
  • Yoon, W.L, Ng, W.T., Liow, S. (2017 March) Swallow with Chin Tuck Against Resistance (S-CTAR): New Task-Specific Swallowing Exercise for Training Submental Muscles. Poster session presented at the 25th Annual Meeting of the Dysphagia Research Society, Portland, Oregon, USA
  • Sze, W. P., Yoon, W. L., Escoffier, N., & Rickard Liow, S. J. (2016). Evaluating the Training Effects of Two Swallowing Rehabilitation Therapies Using Surface Electromyography-Chin Tuck Against Resistance (CTAR) Exercise and the Shaker Exercise. Dysphagia31(2), 195–205. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00455-015-9678-2
  • Yoon, W.L., Khoo, J., & Liow, S. (2014). Chin tuck against resistance (CTAR): new method for enhancing suprahyoid muscle activity using a Shaker-type exercise. Dysphagia. Retrieved fr http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00455-013-9502-9
    • Awarded:
      • 1st Place Scientific Abstract: Poster Presentation at the 21st Annual Meeting of the Dysphagia Research Society (March 2013) om Seattle, Washington, USA