swallowing therapy

Latihan Menelan (Dysphagia Therapy) Chin Tuck Against Resistance / CTAR dengan Bola Getah

Video latihan menelan Chin Tuck Against Resistance / CTAR
GDM would like to express our heartfelt thanks to Ms Siti Amirah for her help in translation of the Malay Version of the CTAR video.

Video latihan menelan Chin Tuck Against Resistance / CTAR ini merupakan video Bahasa Melayu pertama yang dihasilkan oleh Singapore Swallowing Specialists.

Chin Tuck Against Resistance (CTAR) dengan Bola Getah

Tujuan: Untuk menguatkan otot suprahyoid yang digunakan semasa menelan. Otot-otot suprahyoid penting untuk membuka sfinkter paip makanan atas anda (sfinkter esofagus atas) untuk membolehkan makanan memasuki perut anda.

 Peralatan: 1) Bola getah, 2) jarum pam udara dan pam udara (pilihan) – untuk meningkatkan diameter dan tekanan bola

 Arahan:

 Bahagian 1: CTAR berkekalan (Isometrik)

  • Duduk / berdiri tegak dan tarik bahu ke belakang.  Kekalkan postur ini semasa latihan.
  • Pegang bola di bawah dagu dengan tangan anda dan kekalkan posisi bola sepanjang latihan.
  • Tundukkan dagu anda pada bola sekeras mungkin; dan kekalkan  selama _______ saat.
  • Ulangi _______ set seperti yang disyorkan oleh terapis / patologis pertuturan anda.
  • Rehat selama 1 minit di antara setiap set latihan.

 Bahagian 2: CTAR berulang (Isokinetik)

  • Duduk / berdiri tegak dan tarik bahu ke belakang.  Kekalkan postur ini semasa latihan.
  • Pegang bola di bawah dagu dengan tangan anda dan kekalkan posisi bola sepanjang latihan.
  • Tundukkan dagu anda, sekeras mungkin pada bola;  kemudian angkat dagu.
  • Ulangi langkah di atas untuk ________ kali dan set ________ seperti yang disyorkan oleh terapis / patologis pertuturan anda.
  • Rehat selama 1 minit di antara setiap set latihan.

Klik pada yang berikut untuk memuat turun (download) arahan latihan:

CTAR with Rubber Ball Exercise videos are available in the following languages:

* Click to view CTAR videos in the following languages.

Chin Tuck Against Resistance (CTAR) exercise is suitable for most patients with swallowing difficulties / dysphagia:

  • dysphagia or swallowing difficulties following strokes,
  • dysphagia following head and neck cancer,
  • dysphagia following Parkinson’s disease,
  • dysphagia due to late effect of radiotherapy i.e. Nasopharyngeal cancer
  • etc.
swallowing therapy

(Recommended article) Moving Forward with Dysphagia Care: Implementing Strategies during the COVID-19 Pandemic and Beyond

Mark A. Fritz · Rebecca J. Howell · Martin B. Brodsky · Debra M. Suiter · Shumon I. Dhar · Anais Rameau · Theresa Richard · Michelle Skelley · John R. Ashford · Ashli K. O’Rourke · Maggie A. Kuhn

Abstract
Growing numbers of SARS-CoV-2 cases coupled with limited understanding of transmissibility and virulence, have challenged the current workfow and clinical care pathways for the dysphagia provider. At the same time, the need for non-COVID-19-related dysphagia care persists. Increased awareness of asymptomatic virus carriers and variable expression of the disease have also focused attention to appropriate patient care in the context of protection for the healthcare workforce. The objective of this review was to create a clinical algorithm and reference for dysphagia clinicians across clinical settings to minimize spread of COVID-19 cases while providing optimal care to patients sufering from swallowing disorders. Every practitioner and healthcare system will likely have different constraints or preferences leading to the utilization of one technique over another. Knowledge about this pandemic increases every day, but the algorithms provided here will help in considering the best options for proceeding with safe and effective dysphagia care in this new era.

Click here to access full article (Open access):

Dysphagia
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00455-020-10144-9

swallowing therapy

Dysphagia Swallowing Therapy – Chin Tuck Against Resistance (CTAR) with Rubber Ball

Video on CTAR by using the rubber ball

Singapore Swallowing Specialists (SSS) network has just released their very first swallowing therapy video on Chin Tuck Against Resistance (CTAR) by using the rubber ball (Series 1). We plan to produce more series on CTAR and other swallowing therapy exercises / strategies and translate all the videos to different languages from around the world. SSS hope to reach out to benefit more people worldwide.

The following is the CTAR exercise instructions. You may download a PDF copy of this instructions at the bottom of this page.

For clinicians, you may download the above QR code and print it on your exercise handouts to facilitate clients’ search for the above YouTube Video.

Chin Tuck Against Resistance (CTAR) with a Rubber Ball

Purpose: To strengthen the suprahyoid muscles used in swallowing. The suprahyoid muscles are important to open your upper food pipe sphincter (upper esophageal sphincter) to allow food to enter your stomach.

Equipment: a)Rubber ball, b)Air pump and ball pump needle valve (optional) – to increase diameter and pressure of the ball

Instructions:

Part 1: Sustained CTAR (Isometric)

  1. Sit / stand upright and pull your shoulders back. Maintain this posture during the exercise.
  2. Hold the ball under your chin with your hand and keep it in position during the exercise.
  3. Sustain chin tuck against the ball for as hard as possible; for the duration of _______ sec.
  4. Repeat _______ sets as recommended by your speech therapist / pathologist.
  5. Rest for 1 minute in between each set of the exercise.

Part 2: Repetitive CTAR (Isokinetic)

  1. Sit / stand upright and pull your shoulders back. Maintain this posture during the exercise.
  2. Hold the ball under your chin with your hand and keep it in position during the exercise.
  3. Tuck your chin in, as hard as possible against the ball; then lift your chin.
  4. Repeat the above steps for ________ times and ________ sets as recommended by your speech therapist / pathologist.
  5. Rest for 1 minute in between each set of the exercise.

Click on the following to download the exercise instructions and/or the QR code to access the YouTube video:

YouTube video URL: https://youtu.be/zBoZSr19zWo

CTAR with Rubber Ball Exercise videos are available in the following languages:

* Click to view CTAR videos in the following languages.

Chin Tuck Against Resistance (CTAR) exercise is suitable for most patients with swallowing difficulties / dysphagia:

  • dysphagia or swallowing difficulties following strokes,
  • dysphagia following head and neck cancer,
  • dysphagia following Parkinson’s disease,
  • dysphagia due to late effect of radiotherapy i.e. Nasopharyngeal cancer
  • etc.